Requirements for the profession of a firefighter

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It is impossible to counteract the fire element alone, without special equipment.

Firefighting tactics require clear collective interaction and division of responsibilities. The coordinated actions of a team of like-minded people depend on the constant development of professional skills and the maintenance of equipment and equipment in good condition.

Qualification requirements

Qualification requirements are an integral part of the job description of a firefighter.

A prerequisite for working in the profession is a full secondary education, and fire-fighting training according to a special program, as well as a state of health corresponding to the conditions of the profession. Professional experience is not required for new incoming employees.

A firefighter should know:

  • rules of use, device, and methods of application of fire and emergency rescue equipment, equipment, personal respiratory protection equipment;
  • methods of localization and elimination of fires, consequences of man-made disasters and natural disasters in an unfavorable climate and hard-to-reach terrain;
  • combustible properties of materials, side combustion factors of explosive and radiation substances;
  • fire-extinguishing tactics, rules for combating the spread of flames in residential and industrial buildings, urban and rural settlements, on sea, river, railway, and road transport;
  • methods of rescue, evacuation of people, as well as material values from fire centers and potentially dangerous zones;
  • fire safety and methods of extinguishing fires in electrical installations;
  • methods of opening and dismantling of blockages formed as a result of the collapse of buildings and structures;
  • the use of personal protective equipment, in the presence of explosives and radioactive substances in the fire source;
  • the content of the requirements and the procedure for checking the fire safety of residential and socially significant objects;
  • the address location of objects on the territory assigned to a part of the territory;
  • the principle of organization of fire-fighting water-supply networks, the location of fire hydrants;
  • methods of assisting with burns, fractures, internal bleeding, poisoning by combustion products before the arrival of doctors;
  • ways to maintain personal security.

The performance of official duties provides a certain level of education, health status, special practical and theoretical training.

The expansion of the employee's responsibilities is allowed when introducing new technologies to improve labor efficiency. The additions relate to duties of equal complexity and do not require knowledge of other specialties and qualifications.

The work of firefighters is organized according to a shift schedule (daily duty). The composition of the team determines the report card of the main duties of the guard departments. Each of the fireguards has their official duties on a fixed fire tanker truck.

The duty begins with the morning construction for divorce, at which the firefighters receive introductory information on the duty from the head.

During the duty, the personnel is in constant readiness. Fighters regularly check and keep in good condition the means, fire extinguishing equipment, equipment sets, and firefighter's clothing.

Professional skills are improved at training sessions on extinguishing fires of various categories and degrees of complexity. First aid techniques are practiced on mannequins.

Fireman's interview

If you are interested in how to prepare for a firefighter interview, you can check out the firefighter interview questions and answers examples to have an idea about the questions that are coming to you.

Most people are nervous at interviews and find them difficult. Therefore, preparation before the interview is very important. If you read the firefighter interview questions before that and answer these questions for yourself, you will understand what you want and will feel more confident at the interview. You can also watch the firefighting interview questions and answers to find out how others answer the questions asked to them and take a couple of examples to yourself.

Psychological aspects of work

Fire rescuers are trained in ways to provide psychological support to victims and colleagues in extreme emergencies.

Psychological training classes form the skills of rapid recovery with the help of self-regulation, which contributes to improving the efficiency of a firefighter. Autogenic training relieves fatigue and pain, mobilizes the physical and mental capabilities of the body.

Firefighters master the management of their own mental state, and study methods of influencing others in emergency situations. Methods of preventing and suppressing collective panic are analyzed on specific examples.

Psychological training of firefighters uses methods of artificial modeling of emergencies. Practical classes include testing, team-building training, and role-playing games that develop the skills of providing first psychological assistance to victims.


The work of firefighters is connected not only with extinguishing sources of ignition but also with saving people and risking their own lives. Therefore, this type of activity not only deserves comprehensive respect, proper awarding, and awarding, but also a carefully developed system for performing and monitoring official duties.

The coherence of the team, when collecting an alarm signal, affects the speed of departure of the guard. Working out the sequence of actions with fire extinguishing equipment (fire hoses, ladders, rescue equipment, pumping equipment of the fire extinguishing system, first aid to the victims) is necessary for localization and early extinguishing of fires.

If the fire has engulfed everything around, it is almost impossible to get out of it without professional help. That is why firefighters have recently been called rescuers. Upon arrival at the place of fire, the primary task is to evacuate the people remaining in the building, and only then the immediate elimination of the fire. 

The unit commander needs to correctly assess the complexity of the situation, choose the right extinguishing tactics and attract the necessary equipment in a timely manner. Each fire requires a separate strategy, the efficiency of which depends on the cohesion and professionalism of the team, a clear understanding of their responsibilities, and the need for actions to be performed.

The range of duties of fire brigades is very wide. It includes:

  • evacuation of people;
  • providing primary medical care to victims;
  • elimination of fire sources;
  • elimination of the consequences of fire and much more.


The profession of a firefighter will always be relevant. Although technical capabilities for extinguishing fires are being improved, and scientists are developing robots and automated systems for solving dangerous tasks, it is impossible to replace an experienced firefighter who controls equipment, reduces panic, and provides first aid to victims, and undoubtedly this is heroic and respectable work.

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